April 11, 2018

What is Cannabidiol?

What is Cannabidiol and where does it come from?

Cannabidiol, popularly known as CBD, derives from low THC cannabis plants (.3% or under), known as hemp plants. Cannabidiol is one of 85+, naturally occurring cannabinoids in hemp plants. Hemp plants with high potency in CBD make it possible to extract CBD oil that contains a plethora of essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, and other non-psychoactive cannabinoids.
What is the difference between hemp plants and cannabis plants?
Cannabis plants and hemp plants are both parts of the Cannabis plant genus, but they differ in their chemical composition. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are found in both plants, but in hemp plants, there is 0.3% or less of THC, which makes CBD the dominating compound.

What is the difference between CBD & THC?

THC is the chemical responsible for producing psychoactive effects. Since there are such minimal traces of THC in hemp and such a high level of CBD, there are no psychotropic properties of hemp plant extracts. This is because there are no psychotropic properties of CBD.

CBD and THC both interact with the endocannabinoid systems of our bodies, which helps regulate pain, appetite, memory, mood, sleep, and immunity. CBD’s effects on these aspects of your body are non-psychoactive and have shown no adverse neurological, psychiatric or clinical effect. Meanwhile, THC can produce memory impairments, lowered reaction time, increased heart-rate and coordination issues.

Is CBD legal to obtain and consume?

Since CBD and THC both derive from the same plant family and have similar chemical make-ups, there is also much confusion surrounding its legality. Federally, cannabis is illegal but Section 7606 of the 2014 Farm Bill established the legitimacy of industrial hemp. Industrial hemp is distinguished as a separate product from marijuana or cannabis. The bill defined industrial hemp as a type of cannabis plant that contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry-weight basis, thus making hemp plants and CBD completely legal. Now that families, legislators, scientists, doctors and more are becoming more informed on the legalities of CBD, it’s potential surrounding our physical and mental health is being recognized and researched.

How is CBD obtained?

Once cultivated, hemp plants are lifted from the ground and taken to an extraction facility. Ethanol and C02 extraction are the most commonly used methods for extracting CBD oil from the plants because they are the two cleanest ways to extract it for human consumption. These methods involve filtering plants through a series of chambers that control temperature and pressure. Next, hemp undergoes an additional step known as chromatography. This is a mechanism used to remove and dispose of unwanted plant materials from the extracted oil. The majority of CBD oil products also undergo what is known as decarboxylation. This process involves heating the cannabinoids into a form that allows it to immediately interact with the endocannabinoid system, making the compound more usable throughout the body. Finished CBD hemp oil products are tested for a final time to ensure the safety, quality and cannabinoid content of the products before they are distributed. This inspects that all CBD hemp oil products are 100% organic, non-GMO, contain zero traces of THC, and are certified in Good Manufacturing Practices.

How is the oil used in CBD products?

There are various types of CBD products you can use. Some of the most popular forms are CBD oils, sprays, capsules and topicals. The majority of the popular CBD products are in liquid form and provide many benefits. These liquid products are extremely easy to use and are some of the most affordable of CBD products. Not all CBD products are ingested orally. CBD oil topicals include salves, lotions, and balms that can be rubbed directly into the skin. Many topicals are also enriched with natural essential oils and botanicals. These topicals are great for muscle and joint pain because you can administer the product directly onto the part of the body that is inflamed or in pain.

How and where can I get CBD products?

Since CBD oil is considered a nutritional supplement and it derives from industrial hemp, it is legal to purchase and ship. CBD hemp oils are available to purchase from providers online, in many wellness and organic health stores, and in medical marijuana dispensaries. When obtaining CBD products always make sure to check that they are labeled, informing you on serving sizes and best storage methods to ensure that your products are being used and stored correctly.

Sources:

CBD Information

What is CBD Hemp Oil?

How To Extract CBD From Hemp

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